- Acceleration and Volumetric Strain Generated by the Parkfield 2004 Earthquake on the GEOS Strong-Motion Array near Parkfield, CA.
- Borcherdt, R. D.; Johnston, M. J. S.; Dietel, C.; Glassmoyer, G.; Myren, D.
October 11, 2004,
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- An integrated array of 11 General Earthquake Observation System (GEOS) stations installed near Parkfield, CA provided on scale broad-band, wide-dynamic measurements of acceleration and volumetric strain of the Parkfield earthquake (M 6.0) of September 28, 2004. Three component measurements of acceleration were obtained at each of the stations. Measurements of collocated acceleration and volumetric strain were obtained at four of the stations. Measurements of velocity at most siteswere on scale only for the initial P-wave arrival. When considered in the context of the extensive set of strong-motion recordings obtained onmore than 40 analog stations by the California Strong-Motion Instrumentation Program (Shakal, et al., 2004 http://www.quake.ca.gov/cisn-edc) and those on the dense array of Spudich, et al, (1988), these recordings provide an unprecedented document of the nature of the near source strong motion generated by a M6.0 earthquake. The data set reported herein provides the most extensiveset of near field broad band wide dynamic range measurements of acceleration and volumetric strain for an earthquake as large as M 6 of which the authors are aware. As a result considerable interest has been expressed in these data. This report is intended to describe the data and facilitate its use to resolve a number of scientific and engineeringquestions concerning earthquake rupture processes and resultant near field motions and strains. This report provides a description of the array, its scientific objectives and the strong-motion recordings obtained of the main shock. The report provides copies of the uncorrected and corrected data. Copies of the inferred velocities, displacements, and Psuedo velocity response spectra are provided. Digital versions of these recordings are accessible with information available through the internet at several locations: the National Strong-Motion Program web site (http://agram.wr.usgs.gov/), the COSMOS Virtual Data Center Web site (http://www.cosmos-eq.org), and the CISN Engineering and Berkeley data centers (http://www.quake. ca.gov/cisn-edc). They are also accessible together with recordings on the GEOS Strong-motion Array near Parkfield, CA sinceits installation in 1987 through the USGS GEOS web site ( http://nsmp.wr.usgs.gov/GEOS).
- Volumetric strain; Earthquakes; Measurement; Velocity; Accelerationn; Parkfield earthquake