NEHRP Clearinghouse

Title
Seismic Effects on Elevated Transit Lines of the New York City Transit Authority.
File
PB90207887.pdf
Author(s)
Costantino, C. J.; Miller, C. A.; Heymsfield, E.
Source
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC., December 26, 1989, 132 p.
Identifying Number(s)
NCEER-89-0039
Abstract
The study performed a broad assessment of the structural facilities of the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA) system. The aim of the study was to determine those facilities, if any, which could most likely sustain significant structural damage when subjected to relatively low level seismic events which may be expected to occur in the New York City area. In the initial assessment, the types of primary structural damage considered were limited to overstressing of the moment connection at the column bent girder joint at the top of the traverse frame, and the potential for overturning of the pedestal footings at the column base which are typical of the footings used along the lines when these are subjected to horizontal seismic motions. Based on the initial assessment, it was found that the elevated structure typical of the NYCTA system is in fact sensitive to the dynamic loads that would be imposed by such events. These structures were also found to have relatively low capacity to sustain such lateral load inputs.
Keywords
Risk assessment; Earthquake engineering; Earthquake resistant structures; Vulnerability; New York City Transit Authority; Elevated railroads; Earth movements; Seismology; Dynamic structural analysis