NEHRP Clearinghouse

Title
Social Accounting for Disaster Preparedness and Recovery Planning.
File
PB94142114.pdf
Author(s)
Cole, S.; Pantoja, E.; Razak, V.
Source
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.; New York State Science and Technology Foundation, Albany., February 22, 1993, 259 p.
Identifying Number(s)
NCEER-93-0002
Abstract
The report describes the first two phases of a project to develop a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) modeling system as a tool for assessing the economic damage arising from natural disasters and for helping to devise recovery strategies. The resulting system may be used to design proactive strategies for regions known to be vulnerable to specific natural disasters (such as earthquakes and hurricanes), as well as to assess damage and aid recovery in localities which have suffered an unanticipated disaster. The report describes the methods used to construct and test the SAM, based on work in a small Caribbean island. The study shows that a suitable SAM model which takes account of the destructive effects of a disaster can be constructed rather rapidly, and that the model can reproduce the events of an economic disaster and recovery for employment and income over an extended period.
Keywords
Damage assessment; Economic analysis; Social accounting; Earthquakes; Demographic surveys; Socioeconomic conditions; Aruba; Disasters; SAM (Social Accounting Matrix)