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Seismic Energy Based Fatigue Damage Analysis of Bridge Columns. Part 2. Evaluation of Seismic Demand.
Chang, G. A.; Mander, J. B.
National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NY.; Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.; New York State Science and Technology Foundation, Albany., June 1, 1994, 150 p.
This is the second part of a two-part series on the Seismic Energy Based on Fatigue Damage Analysis of Bridge Piers. This second part deals with the determination of energy and fatigue demands on bridge columns. A smooth asymmetric degrading hysteretic model is presented, capable of accurately simulating the behavior of bridge piers. The model parameters are determined automatically by using a system identification routine integrated into a computer program OPTIMA. The program can use either real experimental data or simulated experiment results from a reversed cyclic loading Fiber Element analysis.
; Damage assessment; Seismic design; Reinforced concrete; Mathematical models; Finite element analysis; Computer applications; Earthquake engineering; Bridge piers