NEHRP Clearinghouse

Title
Regional Seismic Hazard and Risk Analysis through Geographic Information Systems.
File
PB95183612.pdf
Author(s)
King, S. A.; Kiremidjian, A. S.
Source
National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA., June 1994, 194 p.
Abstract
A geographic information system (GIS) provides the ideal environment for conducting a comprehensive regional seismic hazard and risk analysis. This disseration describes in detail the current GIS technology and the various steps in a regional seismic hazard and risk analysis. An overview of the different models for estimating the effects of local site conditions is presented. This research includes the development and example illustration of a GIS-based methodology for quantifying and combining the hazards associated with these secondary site effects. The methodology to combine the various hazards is based on a weighted average approach that utilizes the knowledge of local experts. This dissertation also covers the estimation of regional earthquake damage and loss, including the development of a methodology for compiling a comprehensive inventory of structures in a large region.
Keywords
Seismic hazards; Earthquake damage; Ground motion; Geographic information systems; Case studies; Risk analysis; Earthquakes; Site characterization; Soil structure interactions; Seismic effects; Seismicity; Computerized simulation; Mathematical models; Structural analysis; Seismic waves