Shama, A. A.; Mander, J. B.; Friedland, I. M.; Allicock, D. R.
Seismic Vulnerability of Timber Bridges and Timber Substructures.
Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Earthquake Engineering Research Centers Program., June 7, 2007, 198 p.
Identifying Number(s): MCEER-07-0008
Keywords: ; Earthquake damage; Failure mode analysis; Damage assessment; Performance evaluation; Vulnerability; Pile structures; Earthquake engineering; Retrofit; Wooden structures; Substructures; Seismic effects; Strength; Modeling; Bridges; Cyclic loads; Ductility