NEHRP Clearinghouse

Title
Performance Estimates for Seismically Isolated Bridges.
File
PB2008112230.pdf
Author(s)
Warn, G. P.; Whittaker, A. S.
Source
Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, Buffalo, NY.; Federal Highway Administration, Washington, DC., December 30, 2007, 336 p.
Identifying Number(s)
MCEER-07-0024
Abstract
This report presents an analytical study investigating the performance of an isolated bridge structure subjected to seismic excitation. Here performance is being assessed using the following descriptors: maximum horizontal displacements and cumulative energy dissipated by an individual seismic isolator. Twenty different isolation systems are considered with varied parameters, namely, characteristic strength (Q (sub d)) and second-slope stiffness (K(sub d)) Unidirectional and bi-directional response-history analysis was performed considering nonlinear systems and eight bins of earthquake ground motions. Results of the response-history analysis are being used to: (1) determine the increase in maximum horizontal displacement of a seismic isolator due to bi-directional seismic excitation utilizing a coupled plasticity model with a circular yield function to represent the seismic isolator elements, and (2) review the accuracy of the current AASHTO equation for the calculation of displacements in isolated bridge structures which assumes unidirectional seismic excitation and linearly increasing displacements for periods greater that 1-second, and (3) develop prototype testing requirements for seismic isolators in terms of an equivalent number of harmonic cycles to the maximum displacement and an equivalent testing frequency based on the observed energy demand imposed on individual isolators and isolation systems from numerical simulation of maximum earthquake events.
Keywords
; Performance evaluation; Ground motion; Vibration isolators; Earthquake engineering; Seismic design; Testing; Simulation; Excitation; Brisges; Structural analysis