NEHRP Clearinghouse

Title
Stochastic Characterization of Strong Ground Motion and Applications to Structural Response.
File
PB91170217.pdf
Author(s)
Papadimitriou, K.
Source
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC., cJanuary 1990, 225 p.
Identifying Number(s)
EERL-90-03
Abstract
The study addresses the problem of characterizing strong ground motion for the purpose of computing the dynamic response of structures to earthquakes. A new probabilistic ground motion model is proposed which can act as an interface between ground motion prediction studies and structural response studies. The model is capable of capturing, with at most nine parameters, all those features of the ground acceleration history which have an important influence on the dynamic response of linear and nonlinear structures, including the amplitude and frequency content nonstationarities of the shaking. Using a Batesian probabilistic framework, a simple and effective statistical method is developed for extracting the 'optimal' model from an actual accelerogram. The proposed ground motion model can be efficiently applied in simulations as well as analytical response and reliability studies of linear and inelastic structures. Simulations are also used to study the sensitivity of inelastic structural response parameters to the details of the ground motion which are left 'random' by the model. The results can also be used to provide a quantitative assessment of the expected structural damage associated with the ground motion described by the model.
Keywords
Ground motion; Theses; Earthquake engineering; Stochastic processes; Random vibration; Bayesian analysis; Linear systems; Mathematical models; Nonlinear systems; Dynamic structural analysis