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Seismic Response of Tilt-Up Construction.
Carter, J. W.; Hawkins, N. M.; Wood, S. L.
National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA., December 1993, 236 p.
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The report is intended to summarize existing information about the seismic performance of tilt-up construction. The scope of the report is limited to traditional, tilt-up structures in which concrete wall panels are cast horizontally. No attempt is made to interpret the response of tilt-up frame structures. The report is divided into seven chapters. Chapter 2 describes the influence of construction techniques on the design of tilt-up structures. Design considerations for the wall panels, the roof diaphragm, and the critical connections used in tilt-up construction are discussed in Chapter 3. In Chapter 4, the results of previous experimental tests of tilt-up wall panels and roof diaphragms, and previous analytical studies are summarized. Acceleraton histories recorded during recent earthquakes measured in three tilt-up buildings in California are evaluated in Chapter 5. Chapter 6 summarizes the damage observed in tilt-up structures following the 1964 Alaska, the 1971 San Fernando, the 1987 Whittier Narrows, and the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquakes. Results are summarized in Chapter 7.
Tilt-up construction; Earthquake engineering; Seismic design; Commercial buildings; Walls; Concrete; Precast concrete; Concrete slabs