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Northridge Earthquake: Lifeline Performance and Post-Earthquake Response.
Schiff, A. J.
National Inst. of Standards and Technology (BFRL), Gaithersburg, MD., April 1997, 346 p.
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The Northridge earthquake of January 17, 1994 produced the strongest ground motions ever instrumentally recorded in an urban setting in North America. This monograph describes the earthquake performance, emergency response, and recovery for the following lifeline systems: electric power, water, wastewater, communications, roads and bridges, railroads, ports, airports, gas, and liquid fuels. In addition, the impact of lifeline disruption on emergency response capabilities of hospitals and fire suppression elements of the emergency response community are discussed. For each lifeline damage, emergency response methods used to cope with damage and disruption, and the restoration and recovery processes are described. Implemented and proposed changes in equipment and facility design specifications, operating procedures, and emergency response plans are described. Each section summarize the lessons learned, makes recommendations to improve system earthquake response and identifies needed research.
Damage assessment; Waste water; Ports (Facilities); Soil-structure interactions; Harbors; Fire departments; Gas utilities; Liquid fuels; Airports; Bridges (Structures); Earthquake damage; Electric power distribution; Pipelines; Water systems; Communication systems; Public utilities; Operating systems; Buildings; Seismic effects; Sewer systems; Dynamic structural analysis; Design analysis; Transportation sector; Emergency response; Northridge earthquake; Highways; Hospitals